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Wed, 14 Feb 2018
Debunking the Myth: Criminal Records Can Keep People Unemployed for Life
Justin found himself staring at the empty walls of his nearly bare apartment. He has had to sell most of his stuff just to get by. He once had a rather stable job as waiter for a small restaurant.
But everything changed when his employer found out that he was once convicted for theft. He shoplifted a couple of items in a department store when he was 22. It was something done out of peer pressure, but it seriously left a pretty big dent. Years after, it still haunts him.
Justin is not alone. Potentially, criminal records can keep people unemployed for life.
In a research conducted by the National Employment Law Project (NELP) shows that about one in every 4 or 65 million Americans have a difficulty finding a job due to their previous criminal record.
Employers have every right to conduct a background check before hiring an employee. This background check would include a run through of one's family and educational background.
It also includes the inspection of one's criminal records. Background checks are needed for the following jobs: nurse, nurses' aide, licensed home child care provider, employee in a child day care center, public school jobs, lottery or any other gambling-related occupation. Any job that requires a license would also be difficult to obtain. A criminal record can be a hindrance to get such licenses.
What are the things one has to remember when applying for a job? Can criminal records keep people unemployed for life? The following are some tips and pointers to remember when applying for a job.
What Can I Not Tell My Potential Employer?
The following are some cases which an employee need not tell his potential employer:
- An arrest that does not result into a conviction.
- An arrest that is not currently pending.
- A case in pre-trial adjudication involving an offense not deemed criminal by any statute
- Conviction in a juvenile court (cases before 21 years old). Juvenile records can be sealed or expunged
- The offense has been erased through a certificate of rehabilitation or something of similar sort
- Records that have been pardoned
- Arrests for more than seven years ago
However, it would be best to always tell the truth whenever an employer inquires into the aforementioned matters. An employer cannot not hire a potential employee because of the aforementioned.
What Can I NOT Not Tell My Potential Employer?
It is imperative however to tell the following cases to one's potential employer:
- Arrests within the last seven (7) years
- Any convictions (convictions after 21 years old)
An employer can also obtain one's criminal records. It is important to note that some cases can be erased from such records. Technically, these arrests or cases are inexistent. The following are the records that can be erased:
- The case was dismissed
- The case is deemed nolle prosequi (not prosecutable) at least 13 months ago
- The case was put on hold and the potential employee underwent a rehabilitation program
- The potential employee was a youthful offender and was not convicted of said crime
For the aforementioned cases, the records are typically erased automatically. But if said records are not erased, it would be best to contact the court.
Constitutionally, an employer cannot disqualify an employee right away due to mere criminal records. The employers must prove that the record is one related to the job. Furthermore, the record should affect the employee's ability to perform the tasks the job entails.
Aside from that, the employer must also consider when said incident happened. If it happened a long, long time ago, it would be pretty hard for an employer to make it an excuse to not hire the applicant. For example, the applicant was arrested for petty theft when she was 16 years old.
The applicant was in her 30s and was applying as a spa therapist. The previous conviction, if not yet erased, should not stop the employer from hiring the applicant.
Setting the Records Straight
One can also consider getting their records removed. There are usually two options, expungement and provisional pardon. In expungement, an entire criminal record can be removed. It can be done usually after three years after a misdemeanor and five years after the disposition date for a felony.
A provisional pardon, on the other hand, does not remove the criminal record. However, getting a job will be easier. A provisional pardon will make it illegal for any employer to not hire an applicant because of his or her records.
Filling out the Form
When filling out an application form, it is important to read it carefully. Honesty should always be upheld. But, it should also be noted that one needs not provide information that is not asked in the application.
One can always choose to take the other road – self-employment. Plumbers, barbers, electricians and other skilled laborers enjoy a pretty hefty salary. Look for free trainings and seminars that would help in developing one's skills. A lot of non-government organizations hold seminars and trainings for free.
In connection with trainings and seminars, a federal law called the Second Chance Act was passed in 2008. Such law provides funds to help newly released prisoners seek educational and job opportunities. As to date, the Second Chance Act has funded several programs in numerous states such as California, Florida and Texas.
There are also a lot of online jobs right now. Online jobs do not really require physical presence so these employers are more lenient to their employees. What is important to most of these employers is the efficiency of the employee. It would also be a good idea to apply in said jobs.
Volunteer work is also an excellent idea. Volunteer work, as its name suggests, is not really a paying job. However, if one eventually decides to apply for a job again, these look good on a resume. It demonstrates one's willingness to work again. It also shows how one can be trustworthy, responsible and dependable.
Getting a job is hard, especially with a criminal record. However, it is not entirely impossible. Patience and perseverance and most of all, hope, can make impossible things possible.
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