Boise, Idaho

Boise is located in Southwestern Idaho and is the capital and the largest city in the U.S. State of Idaho. Boise City is the hub of commerce, banking, and government for the state of Idaho. The city offers many outdoor activities. skiing, biking, boating, hiking, camping, kayaking, river rafting, hunting, fishing, and more.

To See And To Do In Boise

  • Boise Art Museum
  • Idaho Historical Museum
  • Floating in the Boise River
  • Barber Park
  • Julia Davis Park
  • Idaho State Capitol Building
  • Bogus Basin Ski Resort

History Of Boise - Timeline

The Native Americans called the area Boysee long before the first Europeans came. In 1811, a company expedition explored the Boise Valley. In 1813, a fur trading post was established. In 1834, Fort Boise was established. In 1843, Oregon Trail established a route that passed Boise. In 1854, Twenty-one people were massacred by the Snake River Indians.

In 1862, gold was discovered in the area. In 1863, the military built a fort and a town site was located next to the fort. With the protection of the military, the town grew quickly. Also in 1863, the first newspaper, Boise News, came out, and the John A. O'Farrell Cabin was built. The town grows because of the gold rush and also because of the Oregon Trail route. In 1864, Boise was incorporated as a city and as the capital of Idaho, and the Idaho Statesman, a daily newspaper was founded, and the Cyrus Jacobs House was built.

In 1866, Dr. Ephraim Smith became the first mayor of Boise. He also operated a drug store and opened a private hospital in Boise. Also in 1866, Christ Chapel was completed. By 1868 the city had more than four hundred structures. In 1871, the Assay Office building was completed. In 1879, the Joseph Bown House was built. In 1881, Boise High School was established.

In 1883, the Idaho Press-Tribune was founded. In 1887, the city had a streetcar system. In 1890, the Artesian Water Co. Pumphouse and Wells was built. In 1891, the Boise City National Bank building was completed. In 1892, the Joseph Chitwood House was built. In 1896, the Congregation Ahavath Beth Israel synagogue was completed. In 1897, the Alexander House was built for Moses Alexander who later became mayor of Boise. In 1899, the Minnie Priest Dunton House was built.

In 1900, nearly 6,000 people lived in the city. In 1901, the Marion Allsup House was built. In 1903, the Walter Abbs House was build. In 1905, the Boise's Carnegie Public Library opened. In 1912, the Idaho State Capitol building was completed. The railway service came when the elegant Union Pacific Depot was built in 1925. In 1927, the Egyptian Theatre was built.

The military had a strong presence during World War II in Boise. A flying and training base was established. In the 1960s, the city was allowed to annex many of the suburban areas and the population grows. In 1988, the Boise Towne Square opened. In 1996, President Clinton visited the city.