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Atlanta is located in the northeastern part of Georgia and is the capital and the largest city in the U.S. State of Georgia. Atlanta contains the country's third largest concentration of Fortune 500 companies. Atlanta is the world headquarters of The Coca-Cola Company. The city boasts three skylines and the world's busiest airport.
To See And To Do In Atlanta
- Atlanta History Center
- Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historic Site
- CNN Center Studio Tour
- Margaret Mitchell House & Museum
- The New World of Coca-Cola
- High Museum of Art
- Grant Park
- Georgia Aquarium
- Fernbank Museum of Natural History
- Jimmy Carter Library & Museum
- Centennial Olympic Park
History Of Atlanta - Timeline
Originally Creek and Cherokee Native American territory. In 1814, the military outpost Fort Gilmer was established. In 1821 the first white permanent settlers arrived. In 1830, the Whitehall Tavern was built at today's West End. In 1837, work to complete the railroad began and Atlanta was founded in 1837. In 1839, the first general store opened and John Thrasher started to build homes for workers. In 1842, a grocery store opened and the first child in Atlanta was born.
"Terminus" was the first name of the town and in 1843, "Terminus" was renamed to "Marthasville". In 1845, the first passenger train arrived and the town was renamed to "Atlanta". In 1846, the first post office and the two first hotels opened, and the newspapers "The Luminary" and the "Enterprise" was founded. In 1847, Atlanta was incorporated. In 1848, the first jail opened. In 1849, a telegraph line was established. In 1852, Bank of Atlanta opened.
In 1853, the town had street lamps and the first school and hospital opened. In 1854, the first theatre opened. In 1864, during the Civil War, Atlanta was burned to the ground. In 1865, the American flag was officially raised over Atlanta. In 1871, the city had horse-drawn streetcars. In 1877, the city had telephones.
In 1883, the newspaper, The Atlanta Journal, was published. In 1886, a local drug store, Jacob's Pharmacy, began selling a new headache and hangover tonic called Coca-Cola. The tonic was invented by John S. Pemberton. In 1889, the town had electric streetcars. In 1891, entrepreneur Asa Candler paid $2,300 to own Coca-Cola and in 1892, he founded The Coca-Cola Company. In 1897, the Flatiron Building, one of Atlanta’s top architectural landmarks, was completed.
In 1900, nearly 90,000 people lived in the city. In 1906, Atlanta newspapers reported four assaults on white women. A mob turned violent, running down, beating, and stabbing blacks. At least 25 African-Americans were killed and 2 European Americans. In 1917, "the Great Atlanta fire" destroyed nearly 2,000 homes, businesses, and churches. In 1922, the first local radio stations began broadcasting. In 1929, Martin Luther King, Jr. was born in the city. In 1930, the City Hall was built.
Margaret Mitchell's "Gone With the Wind" was published in 1936 and she won the Pulitzer Prize for the novel the next year. On December 15, 1939, The movie "Gone With the Wind" made its world premiere in Atlanta. In 1946, the Winecoff Hotel burned and 119 people died. It is the worst hotel fire in America. In 1951, the city received the All-America City Award, due to its rapid growth and high standard of living in the southern USA.
Atlanta native Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. In, 1968, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated in Memphis and the funeral and burial were in Atlanta. In 1975, the Westin Peachtree Plaza Hotel opened. In 1982, the skyscraper Georgia-Pacific Tower was built.
In 1992, the SunTrust Plaza, and the Bank of America Plaza was completed, and the Georgia Dome opened. It was the largest domed structure in the world until 1999 when Millennium Dome in London was completed. In 1996, the Summer Olympic Games were held in Atlanta.