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Jacksonville is located on the Atlantic coast of northeast Florida and is the largest city in the U.S. State of Florida. Jacksonville has a very mild climate and a business-friendly government. Jacksonville is a popular location for corporate expansions and relocations. The city is a leading distribution center, with a transportation network embracing port and air cargo facilities, rail and trucking routes.
To See And To Do In Jacksonville
- Museum Of Contemporary Art Jacksonville
- Museum of Science and History
- Riverside Historic Homes
- Avondale Historic Houses
- Shoppes of Avondale
- Cummer Museum of Art and Gardens
- The University of North Florida Gallery
- Hemming Plaza
- Castle Otttis
- Jacksonville Jazz Festival
- The Landing Shopping District
History Of Jacksonville - Timeline
In 1562, a group of French settlers arrived at the area and built a fort and the first European settlement was established. In 1565, Spanish forces killed nearly all the French settlers and took over the fort.
In 1763, British forces controlled the area and In 1765, they constructed the King's Road. In 1783. Britain gave up the control of the area and Spain once again ruled. The first permanent settlement in Jacksonville was founded as Cow Ford in 1791.
In 1821, the United States took control of the town. In 1832, the town was incorporated by the Territory of Florida. In 1857, the Hemming Plaza public park was created. From 1861, during the civil war, the town was captured and recaptured several times by both sides, but in 1864, the Union troops took control for good.
Also in 1864, the Florida Times-Union daily newspaper was founded. In the 1880s, Jacksonville became a popular winter resort for rich and famous people. Visitors arrived by steamboat and by railroad and wintered at dozens of hotels and boarding houses. In 1886 and 1888, more than 400 people were killed in the yellow fever.
In 1900, more than 28,400 people lived in the city. On May 3, 1901, downtown Jacksonville was ravaged by the largest ever urban fire in the Southeastern United States. The fire started when hot ash from a shantyhouse's chimney landed on the drying moss at Cleaveland's Fiber Factory. At half past noon most of the Cleaveland workers were at lunch, but by the time they returned the entire city block was engulfed in flames. The fire destroyed the business district and rendered 10,000 residents homeless in the course of eight hours.
In 1908, the Kalem Studios opened. It was the first motion picture studio in the city. In 1914, the Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens opened. In 1927, the Florida Theatre and the Sun-Ray Cinema at 5 Points, opened. In 1929, the Ritz Theatre opened. In 1940, the Naval Air Station opened.
In 1964, the Beatles performed in the city. It was the day after the Hurricane Dora striked the city. Also in 1964, the rock band "Lynyrd Skynyrd" was formed as the "Noble Five". In 1974, the Wells Fargo Center was built. In 1977, three members of "Lynyrd Skynyrd" died in an airplane crash. In 1983, the EverBank Center was built. In 1990, the Bank of America Tower in downtown was completed.