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San Francisco, California
San Francisco is located in the western San Francisco Bay in California and is the fourth largest city in the U.S. State of California. San Francisco is well-known for its liberal community, hilly terrain, its architecture, and great ethnic and cultural diversity, and of course for the Golden Gate Bridge and Alcatraz. San Francisco is a unique and breathtaking metropolis.
To See And To Do In San Francisco
- The Golden Gate Park
- San Francisco Museum Of Modern Art
- The Exploratorium
- Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco
- The Barbary Coast Trail
- Wine Country Tour
- Shopping At Union Square
History Of San Francisco - Timeline
In 1542, the Portuguese explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo and his men were the first Europeans to see what would become San Francisco. Documents show that Europeans explored and settled in the San Francisco area in 1769. San Francisco was founded in 1776 and a military fort was built, the Presidio of San Francisco.
In 1822, the entrepreneur from London, England, William Richardson, arrived and started to help develop the area. He laid out a street plan for the town. In 1835, he built a house in today's Portsmouth Square. In 1846, the United States Navy officer, John Montgomery, claimed the city for the United States and raised the American flag.
Yerba Buena was the original name of San Francisco. The city did not adopt the name San Francisco until 1846, which became official on January 30, 1847. Also in 1847, the newspaper California Star was published.
In 1848, gold was discovered. With the California Gold Rush of 1848, San Francisco began to explode in population. Waves of immigrants came to the city to seek their fortunes, including large numbers of Chinese immigrants, forming one of the largest Chinese populations outside of Asia. In 1853, the California Academy of Sciences was founded.
In 1855, the University of San Francisco was established. In 1861, Fort Point was built to protect the city. In 1862, a telegraph line connected San Francisco with New York. In 1869, the railroad came. In 1873, the city had cable cars. In 1875, the Palace Hotel opened. In 1878, the Conservatory of Flowers was built, and the city had telephones. In 1883, the city had electric street light. In 1896, automobiles could be seen in the city. In 1898, the current Ferry Building opened.
In 1900, nearly 343,000 people lived in the city. In 1906, a devastating earthquake, with a magnitude of 7.8 on the Richter scale, destroyed approximately 80% of the city. More than 3,000 people died. In 1912, the main Alcatraz prison building was built. It was at the time a military prison. In 1915, the City Hall was completed.
In 1920, the first radio station started. In 1932, the War Memorial Opera House was completed. In 1934, the Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary opened. In 1935, the San Francisco Museum of Art opened. In 1936, the San Francisco Bay Bridge opened. In 1937, the Golden Gate Bridge opened. In 1940, Bruce Lee was born at the San Francisco Chinese Hospital.
In 1954, Marilyn Monroe married Joe Di Maggio at City Hall. In 1958, the baseball team, the San Francisco Giants moved to the city. In 1966, The Beatles gave their final full concert at Candlestick Park. In 1972, the Alcatraz Island became a National Park. In 1982, the NFL-team, the San Francisco 49ers, won the first Super Bowl under Head Coach Bill Walsh. In 1993, the Yerba Buena Gardens was created. In 2008, the first legal, same-sex marriage in California took place in San Francisco.