Birmingham, Alabama

Birmingham is located in Jefferson County in the U.S. state of Alabama and is the largest city in the state Alabama. "The Magic City" is the cultural and economic heart of Alabama. 24 percent of Alabama's total population lives in Birmingham. In the 60s, a lot of racist violence and nonviolent protest took place in Birmingham when the city was racially segregated by law. Today it is a green city with many attractive places and friendly people.

To See And To Do In Birmingham

  • Birmingham Zoo
  • Birmingham Museum of Art
  • Birmingham Botanical Gardens
  • Alabama Adventure Theme Park
  • Riverchase Galleria
  • Vulcan Statue and Museum
  • Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame

History Of Birmingham - Timeline

In 1815, the first permanent settlers reach the area. In 1821, the settlers called the place Elyton or Ely's Town. About 300 people were now living there. In 1871, Birmingham was founded in and got its new name after the city Birmingham in England. Many of the settlers who founded Birmingham were of English ancestry.

Birmingham grew very fast during the 1900th century and became a magnet for iron and steel production and a major component of the railroading industry. Rails and railroad cars were manufactured in the city. In 1882, the Sloss Furnaces was built. They produced pig iron. In 1884, the 16th Street Baptist Church was completed. In 1888, the Birmingham News was published, and the Woman's Missionary Union in Birmingham was founded. It is the world's largest Protestant organization for women.

In 1900, there were more than 38,400 people living in the city. In 1902, the Coca-Cola Bottling Company United, Inc was founded in Birmingham. In 1910, the ballpark Rickwood Field was built. It is one of the (if not the) world's oldest professional ballpark still in use. In 1916, Woodlawn High School was established.

In 1922, the state's first radio station, WSY Radio, started in the city. In 1927, the Alabama Theatre was built. In 1931, the Birmingham Airport opened. In 1935, the Carver theater opened. The city experienced hard times during the depression but came back after World War II.

In 1945, the University of Alabama Medical School moved to Birmingham. In 1947, the American singer-songwriter, Emmylou Harris, was born in the city. In 1951, the Birmingham Museum of Art was founded. In 1955, the Birmingham Zoo opened. In 1961, the track and field athlete, Carl Lewis was born in Birmingham.

In 1963, the Birmingham Botanical Gardens was created. Also in 1963, four black girls were killed by a bomb planted, at the 16th Street Baptist Church, by the Ku Klux Klan. The church was a meeting place for black groups against the racism in Alabama. In 1969, the University of Alabama at Birmingham was established. In 2001, as the first woman, Condoleeza Rice from Birmingham was appointed National Security Advisor to President George W. Bush. Today Birmingham is one of the top banking cities in the USA.